Difference between Experiential Learning and Active Learning?
I want to know the difference between Experiential Learning and Active Learning.
Experiential Learning is the theory (Kolb & Fry) which propounds that learning to be internalised has to be experienced - concretely and actively and not just abstractly and reflectively.
The teacher therefore has the responsibility of providing experiences that will make learning (receiving and processing information) not just visual/auditory, but also kinesthetic.
The theory assumes that these experiences will result in the learner experiencing learning concretely, abstractly, reflectively and actively.
Active Learning is the belief that learners should take responsibility for their own learning. Activities are used during the instructional process to keep learner active/busy with the learning process. The learner is responsible for level/degree to which the information is processed.
The teacher therefore ensures activities like, 'working in pairs', 'discuss materials while role-playing', 'co-operative learning' 'produce short written exercises' are part of the instructional process.
While the assumption is seemingly exciting, the teacher is not responsible for the level of processing of a learner. In case of new learning or limited ability of a learner in a certain subject, the learner cannot be expected to achieve the desired learning outcomes.
I hope the above answers your question satisfactorily